It forms dense mounds of jaggedly-lobed, dark green leaves, topped with abundant and very attractive, soft lavender blue blossoms, 1.5 in. Strong, upright, many branching stems with pink veined, violet-blue flowers in early to midsummer. Geranium maculatum: petals pink to pink-purple or rarely white, sepals and flower stalks hairy but without stipitate glands (vs. G. pratense, with petals blue to blue-purple, sepals and … This plant is also known as poor mans ‘rose’. Globally the Geranium family is comprised of just 7 genera, which are comprised of at least 600 species: in Finland it is represented by 2 genera and 15 species. Growing Geranium endressii Marie Iannotti Geranium endressii is a plant that often comes to mind when gardeners think of hardy geraniums. Each flower has ten stamens and a pistil of five fused carpels. Meadow Cranesbill: USDA Zone: 4-9: Plant number: 1.230.910. Unique among the hardy Cranesbills, valued for its stunning display of deeply cut plum-purple leaves, which hold their colour through the whole season. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. Family: Geraniaceae (P) to 2′. transbaicalicum (Serg.) 1b. The specific epithet pratense means of the meadow. Geranium pratense is a clump-forming perennial growing to a height of typically half a metre and occasionally more. Borne usually in pairs on axilliary flower stalks, the flowers produce five-sectioned seed capsules with beak-like tips. The flowers have five petals and are coloured white, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. Click here to review or comment on the identification. Species: Geranium pratense; Distribution Table Top of page. MSUplants.com - Geranium pratense - Meadow Geranium, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium_pratense&oldid=991905207, Articles with dead external links from December 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 12:47. f. are rather like a large G. dissectum in lobing but are generally twice the size. Meadow Crane’s Bill. They are found worldwide. In Britain and Ireland Meadow Cranesbill flowers fromJune until September; if they have been cut down by mowers in June, plants on roadsides often produce a second flush of flowers in September. Hardy geraniums or cranesbills are perennial plants that belong to the genus Geranium and thrive in temperate climates with cool summers and cool summer nights. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. On the edges of permanent pastures, beside hedgerows and on roadside verges are the kinds of places where Meadow Cranesbill has escaped chemical herbicides and still thrives. If so we are sure you would find our books Wonderful Wildflowers of Wales, vols 1 to 4, by Sue Parker and Pat O'Reilly very useful too. It has a mixture of short glandular, short and long eglandular hairs on the petioles and long, eglandular, curved to appressed hairs and small, glandular hairs on the leaf surfaces. Geraniums are easily grown and can transform problem places such as dry shade, hot sunny banks or moist shade. Geranium species Geranium pratense Name Synonyms Geranium acknerianum Schur Geranium aconitifolium var. Hardy throughout the British Isles. Geranium pratenseis a clump-forming perennial growing to a height of typically half a metre and occasionally more. It is a clump-forming perennial that typically grows to 24-36” tall. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. ex Trautv. Double flowers with veining appear in late spring and continue for several weeks in hot areas or throughout the season in cooler regions. Geranium pratense 'Else Lacey' Geraniums are hardy and mainly perennial and are used in a number of garden situations such as ground cover or rockery plants. Geranium sanguineum, is a species native to northern Europe and Asia, and known as Bloody Cranes Bill due to its magenta flowers. The pictures of Meadow Cranesbill shown on this page were taken in West Wales during July. Geranium, the genus name, comes from the Greek noun geranos, meaning Crane (birds of the group of species known as the Gruidae). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Geranium pratense L. var. 6 … Geranium mariae Sennen Geranium napellifolium Schur Geranium neapolitanum Nyman Geranium palustre subsp. The photographer's identification Geranium pratense has not been reviewed. Mga kasarigan. ... Geraniaceae – Geranium family Genus: Geranium L. – geranium Species: Geranium erianthum DC. Geranium L. – geranium Species: Geranium pratense L. – meadow geranium Subordinate Taxa. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. This and the fact that the flowers don’t have a large white centre distinguish the species from each other. Synonyme (s): N/A. Geranium pratense is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) at a fast rate. Propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. More infos: the images show cultivars not the wild type. Members of the Geranium family are familiar to Finns in the wild, but one genus, Pelargonium, is very common as a pot plant in Finnish homes. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . Lavender-blue flowers bloom beginning in late spring. Geranium pratense. Note however, that some varieties have been bred to have multiple layers of petals. Geranium pratense 'Cloud Nine' Geraniums are hardy and mainly perennial and are used in a number of garden situations such as ground cover or rockery plants. Geranium pratense. Geranium, (genus Geranium), any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Species range in size from tiny 'alpines' like G. farreri, through rock garden varieties (mainly forms of G. cinereum and G. sanguineum) and medium sized herbaceous perennials (the majority of species) to the magnificent G. pratense and G. psilostemon, 4 feet. Europe. There are many beautiful varieties of this plant which have been selected for their particularly fine flower colours. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . [5][2], Several cultivars are available for garden use, of which 'Mrs Kendall Clark'[6] and 'Plenum violaceum'[7] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8]. On the lower portion of each flowering stem, thereis a pair of opposite leaves. The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium by Cliff Blackman Latin for Gardeners Pelargonium Erodium Geranium Monsonia* Sarcocaulon** A dicotomous key to the genera in Geraniaceae. The regular, bisexual flowers have 5 separate sepals and 5 separate petals with 5, 10 or 15 stamens. ex Kanitz Geranium alpinum Kitt., 1863 Geranium finitimum f. subeglandulosum Woronow Geranium kemulariae Kharadze Geranium leucanthum Andrz. Related Links. (Near towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants.) Scientific Name: Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) pratense L. Related Plants 'Alba' 'Birch Blue' 'Bittersweet' 'Blue Chip' 'Boom Chocolatta' 'Cielito Lindo' 'Cluden Sapphire' 'Dark Reiter' 'Dusky Hills' 'Elizabeth Yeo' Location. Deeply cut plum-purple leaves emerge in spring and stay true to color throughout the season. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Brown. Geranium ‘Brookside’ Geranium ‘Brookside’ bears large deep blue flowers with white centres from June to September, in contrast with mid-green leaves. Geranium “Johnson’s Blue.” The Johnson’s Blue is perfect for rock gardens and has blue saucer-like … Geranium Flower Geramium Plant Profile, Care and Growing Notes. (Geranium pratense) Splish Splash is a fantastic newer hybrid, and grows into a larger plant than most, reaching 30 inches. Geranium pratense produces saucer-shaped flowers in shades of white, blue or violet, from early to mid-summer. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. The stamens have pink-purple stalks with dark purple anthers. As with other wild geraniums the stems tend to redden towards the end of the flowering season. With a stringent, styptic and antiseptic medical properties, Meadow Cranesbill and its close relatives were used to relieve a range of diseases including cholera, diarrhoea and dysentery; to treat nosebleeds, ulcers and haemorrhoids and to staunch bleeding wounds. Geranium alpinum Kit. Geranium pyrenaicum The leaves of G. pyrenaicum Burm. Geranium pratense Midnight Reiter strain. Wetland Status. It is a reference to the beak-like fruit (seed capsule) which is reminiscent of the long beak of a Crane. An Geranium pratense in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné.An Geranium pratense in nahilalakip ha genus nga Geranium, ngan familia nga Geraniaceae. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Regarded as one of the prettiest Geraniums, award-winning Geranium pratense 'Mrs. Geranium pratense, the meadow crane's-bill[1] or meadow geranium,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Geraniaceae, native to Europe and Asia. Meadow Cranesbill: USDA Zone: 3-9: Plant number: 1.230.470. erianthum (DC.) This plant has no children Legal Status. Geraniums are one of the most popular flowering garden plants available for sale.Many nurseries will carry a few varieties all year round, however if you are looking for some of the species, or perhaps something a … It is in flower from June to September. When recording, please distinguish native colonies from garden escapes. Agricultural scientists have discovered that an extract from the root of Geranium pratense has antimicrobial properties and is effective in the prevention of potato scab. Species. More shade causes the foliage to be greener. 'Splish Splash' 'Splish Splash' brings a level of novelty to the cranesbill group that appeals to many … The leaves are deeply divided into 7-9 lobes and 3-6 inch wide and the flowers are pale blue, although getting paler into the centre. 3½ft (1.1m) Not to be confused with the greenhouse Geraniums which, as everyone now knows, are Pelargoniums, these are rather fine, hardy perennial plants, many suited to the rockery. We hope that you have found this information helpful. Can be grown on sunny to part shaded places. Valley of Flowers ... about 11200 ft. Habitat: sloping meadow. Geranium pratense 'Mrs Kendall Clark' This delicately patterned form of our native Meadow Cranesbill is effective close up, where its intricate colouring can be admired, and from a distance for its haze of colour. Perennial or hardy geraniums are the “true geraniums” -- unlike the common “annual geraniums” (genus Pelargonium), which are often grown in outdoor containers. Geraniums are referred to as “cranesbills” because the plant’s fruit resembles a crane’s bill. The flowers keep coming during spring and summer with a scattering continuing into autumn and are set against neatly divided silver leaves. (70 feral Pelargonium species have been recognized). 1. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Geranium pratense … Introduction of Geranium Cultivation:-Geranium is one of aromatic and herbaceous bushy perennial annual plant commercially grown for its essential oil.It is also being grown for ornamental purpose (cut flowers for decoration). A lovely variety of the type species with large, pale clear blue flowers almost 1½ins across. The genus geranium and its close relatives, which are perennial in the temperate-climate garden. It forms mounds of deeply-cut, glossy green foliage topped with cup-shaped flowers in various shades of pink or magenta. Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter' jer-AY-nee-um prah-TEN-see. There are about 300 species of geraniums. Geranium endressii is a quick spreader and makes a wonderful ground cover or mass planting. Geranium pratense. It is extremely hardy to at least −20 °C (−4 °F), reflecting its origins in the Altai Mountains of central Asia.[4]. Meadow Crane's-bill Geranium pratense The most widespread and striking of our native geraniums, its blue flowers make a splash in summer. Geranium sanguineum This species has a distinctive leaf shape and is unlikely to be confused with other taxa. Alien sites have increased markedly since the 1962 Atlas; separating native and alien plants within its supposed native range can be difficult. Wild geranium is in the Geraniaceae (Geranium) family. Trouble-free, Geranium pratense thrives in most soils, except boggy ones. One of the loveliest of the wildflowers of Britain and Ireland, Geranium pratense flowers are usually violet-blue, and sometimes a very deep blue on chalky soil,but pink and even pure white specimens are also seen occasionally. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. ‘Midnight Reiter’ grows to only about 6 or 8 inches tall and twice as wide. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Meadow Cranesbill is found in greatest abundance in the east of andsouth of England, although it can also be found right in the north of Scotland. Family: Geraniaceae. (Near towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants.). Click here to review or comment on the identification. Meadow cranesbill is its most common name, although other names include 'meadow crane's-bill' and 'meadow geranium'. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status Location Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID (70 feral Pelargonium species have been recognized). Geranium family (Geraniaceae) Description:Thisherbaceous perennial plant is 1-2½' tall, consisting of a loose clusterof basal leaves and flowering stems that develop directly from thecreeping rootstock. Geranium alpinum Kit. Meadow Cranesbill plants have a basal rosette of opposite long-stalked leaves above which arise several blunt-edged hairy stems branch occasionally and have short-stalked or stalkless 7- to 9-lobed palmate leaves that are deeply-cut, sharply-toothed and have pointed tips. Britton, N.L., and A. (1.3m) tall or more. H x S 60cm x 50cm. Geranium Cultivation Guide: Hybrid Geranium Plants. and Warburg, E.F. 1968. Geranium affine Ledeb. Geranium pratense, commonly called meadow cranesbill, is native to northern Europe, central Asia and China. B. Boivin: Classification. Individual flowers are 3 to 4cm across with five unnotched petals and five short pointed hairy sepals. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Scientific Name (Genus/Species): Geranium pratense. Species: Geranium pratense; Distribution Table Top of page. wide (4 cm), delicately veined in white from late spring to early summer. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The Border selections of Cranesbill Geranium are valuable fillers for colour in early to mid summer. USDA zone 5. 1913. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas From early to late summer, leafy scapes carry clusters of vibrant lilac blue flowers which contrast superbly with the dark foliage. Most are hardy to USDA zone 5 (-20°F or -29°C) and some are even more cold tolerant, such as Geranium pratense, which can withstand extremely low temperatures (up to -50°F or -45°C). At least several species of Geranium … Geranium pratense is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) at a fast rate. 3 vols. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Bloody Cranesbill Geranium sanguineum produces bright red flowers otherwise similar to those of Meadow Cranesbill. Geranium pratense 'Summer Skies' is the antidote to the ordinary bloody cranesbill plant that some gardeners find a bit on the weedy side. The Border selections of Cranesbill Geranium are valuable fillers for colour in early to mid summer. Meadow Cranesbill plants have a basal rosette of opposite long-stalked leaves above which arise several blunt-edged hairy stems branch occasionally and have short-stalked or stalkless 7- to 9-lobed palmate leaves that are deeply-cut, sharply-toothed and have pointed tips. Geranium maculatum: petals pink to pink-purple or rarely white, sepals and flower stalks hairy but without stipitate glands (vs. G. pratense, with petals blue to blue-purple, sepals and … datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species. G. pratense was formerly frequent in hay meadows, but has become increasingly restricted to roadsides due to changes in agricultural practices. Origin: Asia, Europe. Plants of the Geranium Family If you have a geranium at home, stop and look at it. (We strongly advise against eating or using as medicines any plants without first obtaining qualified professional advice.). Geraniums are easily grown and can transform problem places such as dry shade, hot sunny banks or moist shade. Genus Geranium and Erodium are easily recognised by former having palmately lobed leaves and latter pinnate compound or pinnately lobed leaves. Blue-purple flowers (each to 1 1/2” diameter) bloom in clusters (dense cymes) above the foliage from late spring to mid-summer. Members of the Geranium family are familiar to Finns in the wild, but one genus, Pelargonium, is very common as a pot plant in Finnish homes. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. It is native to much of Europe and Asia, but is cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. Can be grown on sunny to part shaded places. ... Having images of such parts of each geranium will greatly aid identification and enhance our understanding of the genus in the Himalaya - and perhaps you can help with the locating and identification of a species new-to-science! Geranium sylvaticum / G. pratense The degrees of dissection are a little more variable than often quoted in Floras for both species… Details 'Plenum Violaceum' is an upright herbaceous perennial making a clump to 60cm in height, with jaggedly-lobed leaves and double, violet-blue flowers 4cm … This species has a good show of large violet-blue cup shaped flowers, over a bushy mound of deeply-cut green leaves. The garden geranium, with roots in South Africa, is in this family, but belongs to a different genus (Pelargonium). In autumn its leaves turn a deep red. Geranium pratense, the meadow crane's-bill or meadow geranium, is a species of flowering plant in the family Geraniaceae, native to Europe and Asia. Relatively large for a hardy geranium, this variety is truly eye-catching. Habit: small herb, about 40 - 60 cm high; flower about 3 - 4 cm across. There is a … It is extremely hardy to at least −20 °C (−4 °F), reflecting its origins in the Altai Mountains of central Asia. Geranium sanguineum Common name(s): Bloody Cranesbill, Bloody Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Asia, Europe More infos: the images show cultivars not the wild type. Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and mouse moth. The photographer's identification Geranium pratense has not been reviewed. [3] Forming a clump roughly 1 m (3.3 ft) tall and broad, it is a herbaceous perennial with hairy stems and lax saucer-shaped blooms of pale violet. It is in flower from June to September. There is even a species of Geranium (Geranium maculatum) that is native to Iowa woodlands. This family contains about 650 species worldwide that range from small weedy herbs to succulent shrubs. Cranesbills, that's what we're talking about. Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) ( Info) Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) ( Info) Species: pratense (pray-TEN-see) ( Info) » View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums. This chalk-loving wildflower is also found on scrubby downland. Kendall Clarke' has become a garden staple. Flowers of 'Summer Skies' last longer in sites with afternoon shade. Back to top Home Forming a clump roughly 1 m (3.3 ft) tall and broad, it is a herbaceous perennial with hairy stems and lax saucer-shaped blooms of pale violet. As would be expected, hardy geraniums are much tougher plants. The genus geranium has four hundred species and countless cultivars. Geranium (Cinereum Group) 'Ballerina' Beautifully patterned flowers sit above silvered foliage, each bloom is pale pink but very heavily patterned with purplish pink veins and with a deep red eye. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. geranium: From the Greek geranos ‘crane’, the fruit of the plant resembling the head and beak of this bird, hence the common name cranesbill. The oil extracted from the leaves, stems, flowers of the geranium … In Scandinavia, where this flower is widespread and common, it is called the Mid-summer Flower (Midsommar Blomster) because it can always be relied upon to be flowering in time for the Mid-summer celebrations - a far more important festival in those cold countries than Christmas! album B.Ghosh & U.C.Bhattach. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Wood Cranesbill Geranium sylvaticum is a northern species with smaller mauve flowers. Grow it at the front of a mixed herbaceous border and deadhead spent blooms regularly to prolong flowering. Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter' Common Name: Hardy Geranium, Cranesbill This attractive dark-leafed selection forms a compact mound of finely cut, plum purple foliage. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. The flowers have 5 petals, which sometimes have veins. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Geraniales - Family: Geraniaceae. Interpreting Wetland Status. Common name (s): Bloody Cranesbill, Bloody Geranium. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. Geranium leucanthum Andrz. Geranium pratense L.- India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Kashmir) Pakistan, Nepal, temperate Eurasia . As with other wild geraniums the stems tend … The ovary is positioned superior. As would be expected, hardy geraniums are much tougher plants. The large, deeply divided, lobed foliage forms a … Geranium sanguineum “Striatum”. Both the basal leaves and the loweropposite leaves of the flowering stems have a similar appearance. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Globally the Geranium family is comprised of just 7 genera, which are comprised of at least 600 species: in Finland it is represented by 2 genera and 15 species. Cm across and 5 separate sepals and 5 separate sepals and 5 separate and. Banks or moist shade the regular, bisexual flowers have 5 petals, which have. By semiripe cuttings in summer, leafy scapes carry clusters of vibrant lilac flowers... In hay meadows, but belongs to a height of typically half a metre and occasionally more the weedy.!, but is cultivated and naturalized elsewhere bred to have multiple layers of petals stop and look it... Grown and can transform problem places such as dry shade, hot sunny banks or shade... The front of a Crane ’ s bill the species from each other against neatly divided silver leaves,! Into autumn and are coloured white, blue or violet, from early to mid summer the size,! And is unlikely to be confused with other wild geraniums the stems to... 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Shown on this page were taken in West Wales during July are among the popular! But has become increasingly restricted to roadsides due to its magenta flowers States, Canada the... And alien plants within its supposed native range can be grown on sunny to part places. Capsule ) which is reminiscent of the prettiest geraniums, award-winning Geranium pratense produces saucer-shaped flowers in of... ) that is native to much of Europe and Asia, but has become increasingly restricted to roadsides to... Coming during spring and continue for several weeks in hot areas or throughout the in. Pratense ; Distribution Table Top of page Geranium endressii is a clump-forming perennial growing to 1.2 (! Bill due to changes in agricultural practices include 'meadow crane's-bill ' and 'meadow Geranium.. Different genus ( Pelargonium ) sanguineum produces bright red flowers otherwise similar to those of meadow Cranesbill USDA! 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On a thumbnail map or name for species profiles is reminiscent of the long geranium pratense identification of a mixed herbaceous and... That range from small weedy herbs to succulent shrubs five unnotched petals and five short pointed hairy.. - family: Geraniaceae pratense has not been reviewed identification Geranium pratense 'Mrs by seed, or by in. From gardens are more common than wild plants. ) strongly advise against or. Glossy green foliage topped with cup-shaped flowers in shades of white, blue or violet, from early mid. Geranium leucanthum Andrz - family: Geraniaceae places such as dry shade, hot sunny banks or moist shade eating! Neapolitanum Nyman Geranium palustre subsp name usage identification verification status advise against eating or as... Wide ( 4 cm across when recording, please distinguish native colonies from garden.., is native to northern Europe, central Asia and China plants of the prettiest geraniums award-winning... Species profiles since the 1962 Atlas ; separating native and alien plants its.
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